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Christian Monuments


Christian monuments in Egypt are of religious and historic significance. They are regarded as transitional period between Pharaonic and Islamic art, the Coptic museum houses a rare collection of antiquities, and Old Cairo is renowned for its antique churches.


Abu Serga Church ( Church of St. Sergious):

Its history dates back to the beginnings of the 5th century AD. It was built on the basilica style above the cave in which the Holy Family used as a shelter on their flight to Egypt escaping from King Herod. It is considered the goal of many visitors in search of divine blessing.


Al Moalaqa Church ( Hanging Church):

It was built in the 5th century in the Basilica style, over the remains of the southern gate of the Roman fortress of Babylon” that is why it was called “the Hanging”. It has rich beautiful antiquities from the early Christian era such as a woodcarving representing Jesus Christ entering Jerusalem. It houses also about ninety rare icons of basilica style.


The Church of Saint Barbara:

It is one of the most beautiful Coptic churches, which dates from the early 5th century AD, and still retains its wooden door. It lies next to Abu Serga Church and it is dedicated to Saint Barbara who was killed by her heathen father when she embraced Christianity Relics of both Saint Barbara and Saint Catherine are supposed to rest there.


The Church of Marie Girgis ( Church of St. George):

Built on the ruins of one of the towers of Babylon fortress, adopting a basilica style with a round dome has a unique hall that dates back to the 13th century AD.


The Churches of Abu Seifein Monastery:

They are located in Amr Mosque Street, near the subway station (Mari Girgis).

It comprises three churches:

+ Amba Shenouda Church.

+ Abu Sefein Church (Saint Marcurius), in which is the cave of Saint Barsoum El Erian.

+ The Church of the Virgin of El Damshir,


The Church of the Virgin Mary:

Its history dates back to the 8th century AD and was rebuilt in the 10th century. It contains some precious icons and has three haykals behind ivory-inlaid wooden screens


The Cathedral of St. Mark:

It is the largest church in Africa recently built in the region of , Abbassia. It reflects the evolution of the art of architecture. The remains of St. Mark, the Evangel list who first preached Christianity in Egypt were transferred to this Cathedral.


Mari Mina Church:

It lies in the area of Fum Al-Khalig. It dates from the late 5th and early 6th century It relates to Saint Mina who is considered one of the most famous saints of the Coptic Church who was martyred during the persecution the Christians suffered at the hands of Roman Emperor Diocletian. One of the monumental churches of Cairo is also the Virgin’s church in Zuweila Alley. Of the modern churches there is the Virgin’s in Zaitoun to which thousands flock to be blessed after news spread of the appearance of the Virgin Mary on one of its domes.


The Virgin’s Tree:

When the Holy Family fled from Palestine to escape the tyranny of Herod, they came to Egypt. According to some historians, the Holy Family began their journey from Rafah in Sinai to Mattariya and settled there for a while, where grows the blessed tree of the Virgin under which she sheltered with the Holy Baby. The tree is two thousand years old, evergreen and one of the most popular sites of believers visit seeking blessings.